Understanding peacebuilding consolidating the peace process
It is possible, however, to distinguish between systems where there is less, or more, coherence, and coherence is thus about degree during a process, not about an end-state.Coherence also needs to be understood in the context of the natural tensions, and therefore trade-offs, between the four elements of coherence.The peacebuilding intervention ends when the host society has developed the capacity to manage and sustain its own peace process without external support.A complex peacebuilding or post-conflict reconstruction system requires a wide range of internal actors, including governments, civil society, the private sector and international agencies, to work together in a coherent and coordinated effort.Pursuing coherence helps to manage the interdependencies that bind the peacebuilding system together, and coordination is the means through which individual peacebuilding agents can ensure that they are coherent with the overall strategic framework.The article is focused on two areas where the lack of coherence provides the most promise for improving peacebuilding coherence.This article analyses the coherence and coordination dilemma in peace-building and post-conflict reconstruction systems, with special reference to the United Nations’ integrated approach concept.
The Utstein study found that more than 55% of the programmes it evaluated did not show any link to a larger country strategy.
The first is the need to generate a clearly articulated overall peacebuilding strategy.
The second is the need to operationalise the principle of local ownership.
The evaluation studies cited have consistently found that the peacebuilding interventions undertaken to date have lacked coherence, and that this has undermined their sustainability and ability to achieve their strategic objectives.
It is possible to distinguish between four elements of coherence among the policies and actions of an individual agency, including the internal consistency of a specific policy or programme; (2) whole-of-government coherence, i.e.